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英语口语小议一下空气污染的问题
 
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Air Pollution英语口语小议环境污染的话题
 
英语口语谈空气污染air pollutionPart A. Please list at least 3 items which indicate the current situation about air pollution in your city or in the whole country.
    请列举出你所在城市至少三项能够表明环境污染的事实。
1.___________________________________________________
2.___________________________________________________
3.___________________________________________________
More:
____________________________________________________
 
Part B. Look at some scientific terms that may be relevant to air pollution, then choose the ones that you consider inductive factors of air pollution and try to explain why they are bonded.
    阅读下面有关环保的科学术语,然后选择一些你所了解的,并使用英语描述这些物质和现象跟环境污染间的因果或表征关系。
 
□foggy          □haze          □acid rain        □carbon dioxide      □humidity      □sandstorm          □blizzard              □frost     
□smoking       □carbon monoxide               □sulfur dioxide     
□PM 2.5         □smog            □atmosphere         □nitrogen     
□oxygen    □ozone   □ultraviolet           □green room effect      □extinction         □particulate matter             □lung cancer     
 
Part C. What do you suggest to alleviate air pollution? Please present 3 methods at least.
    你认为怎样才能减轻环境污染?请举出不少于三项建议。
1._______________________________________________________________
2._______________________________________________________________
3._______________________________________________________________
More: ___________________________________________________________
 
Part D. Read the following material and get to know more about air contamination.
    阅读下面美国环保学家撰写的“空气污染和治理”的原文。该教案仅适合我们的真人面对面成都英语培训小班,因为首先需要进行课堂内互动猜词。实践教学证明,该活动对英语口语表述的流利度、逻辑思维的转换速度和词汇量的提升有明显的正向作用。
 
    注:学员版的下文中划横线的英语单词都是空白,需要猜词结束后进行阅读练习再自行判断后填入。
 
Question: What is Air Pollution?
What is air pollution? That may seem like a question that doesn't really need to be asked. Surely, everyone already knows the answer. Air pollution is, well, wait now . . . OK, what is air pollution, 1.exactly?
 
Answer: Ask most people "what is air pollution?" and they will answer "smog" (another word for ground-level ozone), the smelly 2.stuff that turns the air brown or grey and hovers over urban centers like Los Angeles, Mexico City and Beijing. But air pollution comes in many 3.forms, and may 4.include a number of different pollutants and toxins in various combinations.
 
What Constitutes Air Pollution?
The two most 5.widespread types of air pollution are the aforementioned ozone (smog) and particle pollution (soot), but air pollution also may include serious pollutants such as carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide, and toxins such as mercury, arsenic, benzene, formaldehyde [fɔː'mældɪhaɪd] (甲醛) and acid gases.
 
The specific composition of air pollution in a particular location 6.depends primarily on the source, or sources, of the pollution. Automobile exhaust, coal-fired power plants, industrial factories and other pollution sources all spew different types of pollutants and toxins into the air.
 
Air Pollution and Your Health
Air pollution hovers at 7.unhealthy levels in almost every major U.S. city, 8.interfering with people’s ability to breathe, causing or aggravating many serious health conditions, and placing lives at risk. Many cities 9.worldwide face the same issues, even in emerging economies such as China and India.
 
Breathing either ozone or particle pollution, or other types of air pollution, can seriously 10.damage your health. Inhaling (vt.吸入) ozone (smog) can irritate your lungs, "resulting in something like a bad sunburn within the lungs," according to the American Lung Association. Breathing particle pollution (soot) can increase your risk of heart 11.attack, stroke and early death, and necessitate emergency-room visits for people with asthma, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
 
Air pollution is also a problem in developing countries. More than half the world's population still cook their meals with wood, dung (n.粪), coal or other 12.solid fuels over open fires or on primitive stoves inside their homes, breathing high levels of pollutants such as particulate pollution and carbon monoxide, which results in 1.5 million unnecessary deaths every year.
 
Part E. Who do you think is at most risk from air pollution?
    你认为哪些人群是空气污染的最大受害者?
1._______________________________________________________________
2._______________________________________________________________
3._______________________________________________________________
 
 
【温馨提示】:你在不借助任何英语词典和英语高手的情况下,能熟知多少下面的词汇呢?词汇量和其熟练程度一定程度上决定了你的英语总体水平。
 
------Word List for Air Pollution------该话题第四部分词汇列表
 
exactly   adv.准确地
stuff   n.东西,物质,材料
form(s)   n.形式
include   vt.包括
widespread   adj.传播广泛的,广为流传的
depend(s)   vi.取决于 (通常和on连用)
unhealthy   adj.不健康的
interfere (ing)   vi.干扰,妨碍
worldwide   adj.全世界的,世界范围的
damage   vt.毁坏,破坏
solid   adj.固体的
attack   n.疾病发作;vt.攻击
 
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学习建议:1.语言学习一定要采用正确的方法并持之以恒。
2.基础较薄弱的学习者,请先选择海归中教并花一定的时间打下必要的基础。
3.词汇量包含学习者知道的单词个数和熟悉程度;后者更重要但往往被忽视。


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